The fair dealing provisions of Canada’s Copyright Act (section 29) set out the limits to copyright. These are 1) research or private study, 2) and criticism and review, 2) news reporting. In addition the Act allows for specific exception to educational institutions, libraries, museums, and archives. For the purposes of criticism and review, the source, author, performer, maker or broadcaster must be cited.
Copyright is a complex system with simple goals. It’s the system we use to promote the creation of art, music, books, plays, films, etc. – all the creative products that enrich our cultural life. Ideally, this system strikes a balance between fostering the public interest in the creation and circulation of cultural products, and ensuring compensation for the creators of those products.